**MING LI**

### Welcome! I'm a Ph.D. Candidate in Economics at Yale University.

### My research interests are in econometrics, industrial organization, and economics of networks.

### I am on the job market for the 2020—2021 cycle and will be available for interviews at the 2020 EEA Virtual Meetings and at the 2021 ASSA Virtual Meetings.

### My CV.

### Email: ming.li@yale.edu

**Working Papers**

### A Time-Varying Endogenous Random Coefficient Model with an Application to Production Functions [Job Market Paper]

This paper proposes a random coefficient panel model where the regressors can depend on the time-varying random coefficients in each period, a critical feature in many economic applications including production function estimation. The random coefficients are modeled as unknown functions of a fixed effect of arbitrary dimension and an idiosyncratic shock, thus incorporating rich forms of unobserved heterogeneity. A sufficiency argument is used to control for the fixed effect, which enables one to construct a feasible control function for the random shock and subsequently identify the moments of the random coefficients via a sequential argument. A three-step estimator is proposed and an asymptotic normality result is proved. Simulation results show that the method can accurately estimate both the mean and the dispersion of the random coefficients. The estimation procedure is then applied to panel data for Chinese manufacturing firms and three main findings emerge. First, larger capital, but smaller labor, elasticities than previous methods are obtained, which is consistent with the literature on factor income shares. Second, there is substantial variation in the output elasticities across firms and periods. Third, the dispersion of the estimated total factor productivity (TFP) among firms is found to be larger than with traditional methods, caused by a negative correlation between TFP and output elasticities. The results highlight the importance of properly accounting for unobserved heterogeneity and time-varying endogeneity in the data.

### Robust Semiparametric Estimation in Panel Multinomial Choice Models, with Wayne Yuan Gao, under review

This paper proposes a simple yet robust method for semiparametric identification and estimation of panel multinomial choice models, where we allow infinite-dimensional fixed effects to enter consumer utilities in an additively nonseparable way, thus incorporating rich forms of unobserved heterogeneity. Such heterogeneity may take the form of, for example, brand loyalty or responsiveness to subtle flavor and packaging designs, which are hard to quantify but affect consumer choices in complex ways. Our identification strategy exploits the standard notion of multivariate monotonicity in its *contrapositive* form, which provides powerful leverage for converting observable events into identifying restrictions on unknown parameters. Based on our identification result, we construct consistent set (or point) estimators, together with a computational algorithm that adopts a machine learning algorithm and a novel minimization procedure on the spherical-coordinate space. We demonstrate the practical advantages of our method with simulations and an empirical example using the Nielsen data. The results show that our procedure produces estimates that conform well with economic intuition. For example, we find that special in-store displays boost sales not only through a direct promotion effect but also through the attenuation of consumers’ price sensitivity.

### Logical Differencing in Network Formation Models under Non-Transferable Utilities, with Wayne Yuan Gao and Sheng Xu, under review

This paper considers a semiparametric model of dyadic network formation under nontransferable utilities (NTU). NTU frequently arises in social interactions that require bilateral consent. The formation of informal risk-sharing networks among villagers in developing areas, which naturally requires mutual acceptance, is one particularly relevant example of considerable academic and policy interest. However, NTU inherently induces additive non-separability, which makes identification challenging. We show how to identify the parameters of interest without additive separability when networks form under NTU, using a novel method we call “logical differencing.” The key idea is to construct events involving the intersection of two mutually exclusive restrictions on the unobserved individual fixed effects based on multivariate monotonicity to cancel them out. Our identification argument is constructive and leads to a consistent estimator. We analyze the finite-sample performance of the estimator via a simulation study. Then, we apply the method to the Nyakatoke risk-sharing network data. The results show that our approach can capture the essence of the network formation process by generating economically intuitive estimates. For instance, we find that the greater the difference in wealth between two households, the lower is the probability they are connected.

**Work in Progress**

### Inference in a Stationary/Nonstationary Autoregressive Time-Varying-Parameter Model, with Donald Andrews

Autoregressive models — stationary or nonstationary — are workhorse models in econometric time series. This paper considers nonparametric estimation and inference in autoregressive (AR) models with deterministically time-varying parameters. A key feature of the proposed approach is to allow for time-varying stationarity in some time periods, time-varying nonstationarity (i.e., unit root or local-to-unit root behavior) in other periods, and smooth transitions between the two. We allow for all parameters of the model to be time-varying, not just the AR parameter. The estimation of the AR parameter at any time point is based on the local LS regression method, where the relevant initial condition is endogenous. We introduce a new method to eliminate the impact of the endogenous initial condition on the asymptotics, and obtain limit distributions after proper normalization for the AR parameter when it is unit root, local-to-unity, and stationary/stationary-like. Asymptotic properties for t-statistics are also established. These are used to construct confidence intervals for the AR parameter at any specified points in time. These confidence intervals have correct uniform asymptotic coverage probabilities regardless of the time-varying stationarity/nonstationary behavior of the observations.

**Teaching**

*Teaching assistant for undergraduate and advanced Ph.D. courses at Yale University:*

Fall 2019, Econometrics I (Ph.D.), instructed by Prof. Donald Andrews. Class size: 36. Evaluation: 4.5/5.0.

Fall 2018, Growth and Macroeconomics (UG/G), instructed by Prof. Fabrizio Zilibotti. Class size: 36. Evaluation: 4.6/5.0.

Spring 2018, Econometrics III (Ph.D.), instructed by Prof. Yuichi Kitamura. Class size: 13. Evaluation: 4.4/5.0.

Fall 2017, General Microeconomics I (Ph.D.), instructed by Prof. Truman Bewley. Class size: 41. Evaluation: 4.7/5.0.